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How to Type in Japanese

To start typing in Japanese and taking full advantage of our writing exercises you'll need to setup an IME (Input Method Editor). It's a fairly simple process and highly recommended if you want to learn how to write in Japanese on your computer. Choose a guide from the list below to setup an IME for your operating system.

Tips for the Microsoft IME

Below is a list of tips and tricks for making effective use of the Microsoft IME.


Typing ん/ン

Some people may get confused when trying to type "n" in hiragana and katakana, because it doesn't immediately convert to the kana. There are 3 conditions which will convert n into ん/ン that are listed below.

  1. The most common method of conversion is simply to type the next kana: shinri = しんり (this only works if the next kana typed isn't a, i, u, e, o, ya, yu, or yo).
  2. The next common method of conversion is typing "n" twice in a row: nn = ん/ン. You can also prefix n with x to convert it: xn = ん/ン.
  3. Lastly, you can press the space bar to convert the kana or open the conversion list. (this is only applicable if n is underlined)

Try them out to get the hang of typing n and choose the method that works best for you.

Typing Small Kana

Small kana can by typed by prefixing the romaji with X. See the examples below and give them a try, too.

Typing Contracted Kana

Typing contracted kana is pretty easy if you already know the romaji for them. If you don't, we highly suggest practicing the Hiragana Combos and Katakana Combos exercises. To type contracted kana, you simply type the romaji for it and the IME does the rest.

Typing Double Consonants

Double consonants (i.e. kk, pp, ss..) always have the first of the pair converted to a small tsu (ssa --> っさ). See the examples below and try typing them in a textpad to get a feel for them.

Typing Kanji

Typing kanji is easier than you might think. All you need to do is type out the kana and then press the space bar (while the kana is underlined) to convert the kana to kanji. If the kanji isn't the one you wanted, press the space bar again to scroll through the conversion suggestions (you can use the arrows keys as well once the list is focused). Here's some examples that you can try typing.